I’m sure everyone has heard the joke, “it’s raining cats and dogs, yeah, I know, I just stepped in a poodle.” But, did you know where the saying “it’s raining cats and dogs” actually originated? I’m pretty sure that there are people out there dying to know this…so here goes.
Sayings, as I call them, have been around as long as people; some make no sense, while others tell it like it is. My mother passed on quite a few to me that originated in the Dirty Thirties. Two of my favorites are, “If battle ships were a dime a dozen, I couldn’t afford a row boat,” and, “If it took a quarter to go around the world, I couldn’t even get out of sight.”
The following is some light reading for the cold winter days that are upon us. Most of the sayings I will tell you about supposedly originated in the 1500s. It seems most people got married in June because they took their yearly bath in May and were still smelling pretty good by June. However, they were starting to smell, so the brides carried a bouquet of flowers to hide the bad odour.
Baths equaled a big tub filled with hot water. The man of the house had the privilege of the nice clean water, followed by all the other sons and men, then the women, and finally the children. Last of all, the babies got to bath…in the same water. By the time the babies got to bathe, the water was so dirty you could actually lose someone in it. Hence the saying, “don’t throw the baby out with the bathwater.”
Houses had thatched roofs, with thick straw piled high, and with no wood underneath. It was the only place for animals to get warm, so all the pets, dogs, cats, and other small animals like mice, rats, and bugs lived in the roof. When it rained, it became slippery and sometimes the animals would slip and fall off the roof. Hence the saying, “it’s raining cats and dogs.”
There was nothing to stop things from falling into the house. This posed a real problem in the bedroom, where bugs and other droppings could really mess up your nice clean bed. So, they found if they made beds with big posts and hung a sheet over the top, and it addressed that problem. Hence those beautiful big four poster beds with canopies. Also, just to be sure those pesky bugs didn’t bite you in your sleep, people used to wrap themselves tight in a sheet. I believe this is where we get the saying “sleep tight and don’t let the bed bugs bite.”
The floor in the old days was dirt. Only the wealthy had something other than dirt, hence the saying “dirt poor.” The wealthy had slate floors, which would get slippery in the winter when wet, so they spread thresh on the floor to help keep their footing. As the winter wore on, they kept adding more thresh until when you opened the door it would all start slipping outside. A piece of wood was placed at the entryway, hence a “threshhold.”
They cooked in the kitchen in a big kettle that always hung over the fire. Every day they lit the fire and added things to the pot. They mostly ate vegetables and didn’t get much meat. They would eat the stew for dinner leaving leftovers in the pot to get cold overnight and then start over the next day. Sometimes the stew had food in it that had been in there for a month. Hence the rhyme, “pease porridge hot, pease porridge cold, pease porridge in the pot, nine days old.”
Sometimes they could obtain pork and would feel really special when that happened. When company came over, they would bring out some bacon and hang it to show it off. It was a sign of wealth and that a man could really “bring home the bacon.” They would cut off a little to share with guests and would all sit around and “chew the fat.”
Those with money had plates made of pewter. Food with a high acid content caused some of the lead to leach onto the food. This happened most often with tomatoes, so they stopped eating tomatoes… for 400 years. Most people didn’t have pewter plates, but had trenchers — pieces of wood with the middle scooped out like a bowl. Trenchers were never washed and a lot of times worms got into the wood. After eating off wormy trenchers they would get “trench mouth.”
Bread was divided according to status. Workers got the burnt bottom of the loaf, the family got the middle, and guest got the top, or the “upper crust.”
Lead cups were used to drink ale or whiskey. The combination would sometimes knock them out for a couple of days. Someone walking along the road would take them for dead and prepare them for burial. They were laid out on the kitchen table for a couple of days and the family would gather around and eat and drink and wait and see if they would wake up. Hence the custom of holding a “wake.”
England is old and small, and they started running out of places to bury people. So, they would dig up coffins and would take their bones to a house and re-use the grave. In re-opening these coffins, one out of 25 were found to have scratch marks on the inside and they realized they had been burying people alive. So, they thought they would tie a string on their wrist and lead it through the coffin and up through the ground and tie it to a bell. Someone would have to sit out in the graveyard all night to listen for the bell. Hence on the “graveyard shift” they would know that someone was “saved by the bell” or he was a “dead ringer.”
Larry Evans is a former fire chief, city councillor, and lifelong historian living in Fort St. John.